Did you know that your nail health can reveal a lot regarding your overall wellbeing? Nail illnesses and irregularities are more than simply a discomfort or a cosmetic issue; they can also assist doctors uncover underlying conditions. Numerous nail defects are linked to underlying illnesses including hyperthyroidism and anaemia. If you detect a change in the health or look of your fingernails or toenails, you should seek medical attention immediately.
Dermatologists specialize in the repairing of hair and nails as well in addition to skin and hair treatments.
Nail problems comprise 20% of all dermatological disorders. Treat them before they start impacting your self-esteem. Come to us for a solution. There are innumerable
ways and treatments to deal with nail problems, and before we show you the solutions, the following section will give you an idea of common nail problems.
NAIL ABNORMALITIES AND COMMON NAIL DISEASES
1) Nail Psoriasis
The condition is responsible for nail gouging or disintegration. The individuals suffering from psoriasis will show some symptoms. The condition is prominent when psoriasis arises on the nail bed or close to the area. The common symptoms are:
- Disintegrating nails
- Changes in the color of nails.
- Bleeding under the nails
- Nails leaving the bed
- A new skin developing on the nail bed
What are the symptoms of weak, brittle, or splitting nails?
The most common symptom of onychoschizia is unreasonable nail breakage. This condition affects both fingernails or toenails and thus, the individual can find if the reason is internal. In case, this is caused by an external factor, the effects will be seen on the fingernails only.
What is the treatment for weak, brittle, or splitting nails?
This condition is treated with the help of a prescribed nail cream by our nail specialist in Palwal. Regular application of the cream and avoiding contact with water will alleviate the condition soon.
Psoriasis of the nails can be cleared and pain can be reduced with suitable treatment. However, the condition of psoriasis may worsen if not treated on time. Some people experience “disappearing” nails. This might make it difficult for people to use their hands or walk. This can be avoided by the treatment of the disease.
The nail condition onychogryphosis, often known as ram’s horn nail, is caused by slow nail plate growth. It is characterised by a thickening of the nail plate that is opaque and yellow-brown in colour, as well as elongation and increased curvature.
Who is more prone to have this disorder?
It’s more common in the elderly, persons who don’t have enough personal care, and patients with senile dementia.
- Genetics can be the key factors.
- Poor peripheral circulation, which may be associated with diabetes mellitus.
- Injury to the nail bed due to any traumatic event.
- Microtrauma caused by ill-fitting shoes
Onychogryphosis causes a person’s nail to become extremely thick. In some circumstances, one side of the nail may grow longer than the other.
Sometimes, the nail becomes so thick and big that he/she will need the help of a doctor to get rid of it. The doctor can either cut the nail himself or may assist the patient on how to cut it on his own.
The only permanent treatment is to remove the complete nail bed in severe cases. The treatment may not be completed only in a single session as the doctor requires time to cut it and grow it back.
The painless detachment of the nail from the nail bed is known as onycholysis. It might be a symptom of a skin condition, an infection, or an accident, but the majority of cases are reported in women who have long fingernails.
This is a very common issue.
- Local damage to the nail is the most typical cause.
- Excessive filing.
- allergic contact dermatitis.
- Submersion in water.
- Psoriasis, fungal infections, and adverse drug reactions are also a common cause of onycholysis.
- The detachment of the nail from the nail bed is the most common symptom of onycholysis.
- Discoloration of nails. The nails may turn green, yellowor opaque.
- Additional skin tissue under the nail, nail pitting, thickening, or bending of the nail margins are all possible side effects of onycholysis.
Treatments are entirely dependant on the cause of the onycholysis. The following are some possible treatments:
- Onycholysis is treated with oral or other drugs.
- Iron deficiency levels are checked and treated.
- Antifungal medications which are to be taken orally.
- Keeping your nails trimmed is one of the home remedies.
4) Nail Fungus
Nail fungal infections are a frequent ailment that causes the nails to thicken, darken, and become more easily broken. Fungi can thrive on the dead tissues of hair, nails, and the outer layers of the skin. A fungal infection on the feet is commonly followed by a fungal nail infection. Toenails are more commonly affected than fingernails. As people get older, they’re more likely to develop them.
Infections caused by fungi include the following:
- Athlete’s foot
- Jock itch
- Ringworm on the skin of the body or head
If you have any of the following symptoms, you're more likely to acquire a fungal nail infection:
- Peripheral neuropathies
- Peripheral vascular disease
- Injuries to the skin or nails that are minor
- Nail illness or a deformed nail
- Long-term moist skin
- Difficulties with the immune system
- Shoes that do not allow the feet to breathe
Nails can be affected by a variety of moulds and fungi. They grow when fungus becomes trapped between the nail and the nail bed due to a crack or break. Nail fungal infections can be worsened by sweat, athlete’s foot, and salon manicures and pedicures.
- Thick nails
- Brown, yellow, or white discoloured nails that are weak or cracked
- Fungus under the nails which is usually painless.
Antifungal medicine is usually used as a treatment. A prescription may be required, or a doctor can completely remove the nail.
In Paronychia, the tissue folds around the nails become infected. In other words, the infection of the tissue next to a nail, most commonly a fingernail, is known as paronychia. The adjacent tissue is bloated, red, and painful. In severe cases, pus can also be found in the affected region.
Paronychia is mostly of two types:
- Acute paronychia : It starts suddenly.
- Chronic paronychia: It starts gradually.
Acute paronychia: Acute paronychia occurs when a nail fold turns painful, red, and swollen in a short span of time. Under the cuticle, a yellow pus may form. A particularly severe form of acute paronychia may be accompanied by fever and painful tissues under the arms.
Chronic paronychia: Chronic paronychia evolves over time and is far more difficult to eradicate. It may begin in one nail fold, but it frequently spreads to others. Each damaged nail fold (the skin that runs alongside the nail) swells and rises above the nail. It may become red and painful at times, and a little amount of thick pus (white, yellow, or green) may be produced from beneath the cuticle.
As the nail grows, it gets deformed and ridged. It can become yellow or green and become brittle. The nails may take up to a year to grow back to normal after recovery.
Treatments for paronychia differ depending on the underlying issue. In severe instances, the following options may be considered:
- warm compresses.
- topical antibiotics.
- oral antibiotics.
- In extreme situations, surgical incision and drainage are required.
A doctor will usually focus on treating cause of the disease to treat chronic paronychia. Avoiding allergies and irritants is also necessary as a part of the treatment. The overall t reatment can take anywhere from a few weeks to several months to get completed.
6) Ingrown toenails:
When your nail grows into your skin instead of over it, this is known as ingrown nails. This is more common in toenails than fingernails, especially in the big toe.
Causes of ingrown nails:
There are a number of possible causes, which are listed below:
- Not having your nails trimmed.
- Wearing tight socks or shoes.
- Continuous stress on your toes due to an improper posture or physical activity.
Aside from that, genetics may have a role in the occurrence of ingrown toenails too.
Ingrown Nail Signs and Symptoms
Symptoms usually appear in phases when one of your nails begins to grow into the skin.
The initial stages to ingrown nail have the following symptoms:
If the ingrown toe becomes infected, you'll experience the following symptoms:
- You’ve noticed pus seeping out of your toe.
- Feeling heated up or shivering
- Soak the nail in heated water atleast 2–3 times a day
- Wear comfortable shoes
- Keep the foot dry
AT RADHA SWAMI CLINIC, WE TAKE CARE OF ALL THE NAIL DISEASES AND DISORDERS. In fact, we have the best doctors who have been treating nail disorders with the utmost expertise and experience in this field.
Do you have a problem with your nails? All the nail conditions can be evaluated and treated at Radha Swami Clinic. Radha Swami is the finest and the oldest Clinical center in Palwal that has treated more than lakhs of people till now. Our treatments are the best and the most affordable in the industry.