Vitiligo is along-term condition in which the colour of the skin fades. It affects people of all ages, genders, and ethnicities.
Melanocytes are the cells that produce melanin, the skin pigment that gives skin its colour and protects it from the sun’s ultraviolet rays. When the skin’s melanocytes die, the patches appear on the skin.
The total area of skin impacted by vitiligo varies from person to person. Eyes, the interior of the mouth, and the hair can all be affected. The discolored parts are usually remain the same throughout the entire life of a person.
Vitiligo Quick Facts
Vitiligo can affect anyone, regardless of their age, gender, or ethnicity.
Vitiligo can be caused by an autoimmune condition or a virus. However, the real cause is still unknown.
Vitiligo is not contagious.
Clinical procedures like UVA or UVB light exposure and the depigmentation of the skin may be used as a treatment option.
Treatments for Vitiligo:
1) Light treatment such as laser lights.
2) If light therapy and topical medications are ineffective, surgical treatment may be an option.
3) Unconventional therapies, including vitamins, minerals, amino acids, and enzymes, have been found to help persons with vitiligo to restore their skin tone.
4) A depigmentation treatment is used to get rid of any leftover pigment in the skin.
Since, it is a photosensitive condition, the affected areas are more sensitive to the harmful sunlight rays than the unaffected areas. According to a study, vitiligo appears to affect 0.5 to 2% of the population globally.